Examples of 2004 USADA/WADA Prohibited Substances and Prohibited Methods of Doping (ALL RELATED COMPOUNDS ARE PROHIBITED) IN-COMPETITION PROHIBITED CLASSES X Stimulants: Adderall, adrafinil, amphetamine, benzphetamine, prohibited beta-2
agonists, bromantan, cocaine, Concerta, dexedrine, ephedrine, Ma Huang (herbal
ephedrine), MDMA, methylamphetamine, methylphenidate, modafinil,
norpseudoephedrine, pemoline, Ritalin, Selegiline (including D-& L-isomers, where relevant)
x Narcotics: buprenorphine, dextromoramide, diamorphine (heroin), hydromorphone,
meperidine, methadone, morphine, oxycodone, oxymorphone, pentazocine, pethidine,
Cannabinoids: hashish, marijuana (THC)
X Anabolic Agents:
· Anabolic-androgenic steroids: androstenediol, androstenedione, bolasterone, clen-
buterol, danazol, drostanolone, DHEA, methyltestosterone, nandrolone, norbolethone,
oxandrolone, stanozolol, testosterone, tetrahydrogestrinone (THG), trenbolone (and
x Peptide Hormones, Mimetics and Analogues (and all releasing factors):
· Growth hormone (hGH) and Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGF-1)
· Chorionic Gonadotrophin (hCG) NOTE: Prohibited in males only.
· Pituitary & synthetic gonadotrophins (LH) NOTE: Prohibited in males only.
· Insulin NOTE: Allowed to treat certified insulin-dependent diabetes. Requires Full TUE.
· Corticotrophins (ACTH, tetracosactide)
X Beta-2 agonists: Advair*, Albuterol*, bambuterol, bitolterol, Brethaire, clenbuterol, Com-
bivent, fenoterol, Foradil*, formoterol*, metaproterenol, orciprenaline, pirbuterol, Proven-
til*, reproterol, rimiterol, salbutamol*, salmeterol*, Serevent*, terbutaline*, Ventolin*
NOTE: * Allowed by inhaler only to prevent or treat asthma and exercise-induced asthma. Abbreviated TUE must be on file with USADA or international federation before competition, as appropriate. Salbutamol level greater than 1000 ng/ml is prohibited even
x Agents With Anti-Estrogenic Activity:clomiphen, cyclofenil, tamoxifen, aromatase inhibitors (Arimidex, Aromasin, Femara) - NOTE: Prohibited in males only
x Masking Agents: diuretics; probenecid, plasma expanders (e.g. hydroxyethyl starch) Diuretics: acetazolamide, amiloride, bendroflumethiazide, bumetanide, canrenone,
chlorthalidone, chlorothiazide, drospirenone (Yasmin), ethacrynic acid, furosemide,
hydrochlorothiazide, indapamide, mersalyl, spironolactone, triamterene. NOTE: In
weight classified sports (see USADA Guide), no TUE shall be granted for diuretics.
IN-COMPETITION PROHIBITED METHODS
x Enhancement of Oxygen Transfer – a) Blood Doping: The administration of autologous, homologous or heterologous blood
or red blood cells of any origin, other than for legitimate medical treatment.
b) The administration of products that enhance the uptake, transport or delivery of
oxygen (i.e. modified haemoglobin products including but not limited to bovine and
cross-linked haemoglobins, microencapsulated hemoglobin products, perfluorochemi-
x Pharmacological, Chemical and Physical Manipulation: Bromantan, catheterization,
diuretics, epitestosterone, glutaraldehyde, hydroxyethyl starch, probenecid, substitution
x Gene Doping: The non-therapeutic use of genes, genetic elements and/or cells that
have the capacity to enhance athletic performance.
CLASSES OF PROHIBITED SUBSTANCES IN CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES x Alcohol: ethanol (as prohibited by IF)
X Beta-Blockers: acebutolol, alprenolol, atenolol, betaxolol, bisoprolol, carvedilol, esmolol,
labetalol, metoprolol, nadolol, oxprenolol, pindolol, propranolol, sotalol, timolol (and
related substances) (as prohibited by IF, see USADA Guide).
x Glucocorticosteroids: Systemic use is prohibited when administered orally, rectally, or
by intravenous or intramuscular injection. ALL other uses in-competition require
abbreviated TUE to the international federation or USADA, as appropriate)
QUESTIONS: Call USADA’s Drug Reference Line at 1-800-233-0393 or email to [email protected] OUT-OF-COMPETITION (OOC) TESTING
Out-of-competition (OOC) testing is directed solely at the fol owing classes: Anabolic Agents, Masking
Agents, Diuretics, Peptide Hormones, Beta-2 Agonists, agents with anti-estrogenic activity and Prohibited
Methods (unless otherwise set by IF rules).
This list is not complete and is subject to change. NOTE: Some international federations have different substances on their respective prohibited list. Please review both the WADA and your respective IF prohibited lists.
This list is effective January 1, 2004 until further notice. Please check the USADA web site for the latest information regarding this list. IT IS THE ATHLETE’S RESPONSIBILITY TO CHECK THE STATUS OF ALL MEDICATIONS AND KNOW THE RULES OF THEIR INTER- NATIONAL FEDERATION (IF). United States Anti-Doping Agency(USADA)
Examples of Permitted Medications – 2004
o ADD/ADHD: Strat era
o Anesthetics: All locals are permitted
o Antacids: Di Gel, Gaviscon, Maalox, Mylanta, Tums
o Anti-Anxiety: Atarax, Ativan, Buspar, Librium, Valium, Vistaril
o Antibiotics: Al antibiotics are permitted.
o Anti-Depressants: Celexa, Paxil, Prozac, Wellbutrin, Zoloft
o Anti-Diabetics: Actose, Amaryl, DiaBeta, Diabinese, Glucophage, Glucotrol, Glyburide,
Glynase, Micronase, Prandin, Precose, Rezulin
o Antidiarrheals: bismuth subsalicylate, diphenoxylate w/ atropine,
Imodium, kaolin w/ pectin, Kaopectate, Lomotil, Lonox, loperamide, Pepto Bismol
o Topical Antifungals: Cruex, Desenex, Lamisil, Lotrimin, Micatin, Monistat, Mycostatin,
o Anti-Nausea/Anti-vertigo: Antivert, Bonine, Bucladin S, Compazine, diphenhydramine,
o Antiviral: Acyclovir, didanosine, Famvir, Relenza, Stavudine, Tamiflu, Valtrex, Zidovudine
o Asthma: Accolate, cromolyn sodium, ipratropium, nedocromil sodium, Singulair, theophylline · Restricted Beta-2 agonists: NOTE: See restrictions on other side. · Restricted Glucocorticosteroids: Aerobid, Azmacort, Beconase, Beclovent, Flonase,Flovent,
Nasacort, Nasonex, Pulmicort, Rhinocort, Vanceril - NOTE: Systemic use is
prohibited. All other uses require an abbreviated TUE sent to the international federation or
o Cold Medications:
· Antihistamines/Decongestants: Allegra, Al egra-D, Benadryl, Cetirizine, chlorpheniramine,
clemastine, Clarinex, Claritin, Claritin-D, diphenhydramine, fexofenadine, loratadine,
naphazoline, oxymetazoline, phenylephrine, pseudoephedrine, tetrahydrozoline,
· Cough preparations: codeine, dextromethorphan, hydrocodone, iodinated glycerol
CAUTION: Combination cold medications may contain prohibited substances.
o Contraceptives: Demulen, Desogen, Genora, Loestrin, Lo-Ovral, Modicon, Nelova, Nordet e,
Ortho-Cyclen, Ortho-Tri-Cyclen, Ovcon, Ovral, Triphasil.
o Ear preparations: Auralgan, Auro Ear Drops, Cerumenex, Debrox, Murine Ear Drops, Otic
Domeboro, Vosol (any corticosteroid requires an abbreviated TUE)
o Eye preparations: Artificial Tears, boric acid, Murine Plus, Mycitracin, Naphcon-A, Neo-
Synephrine, oxymetazoline, Polysporin, Relief, tetrahydrozoline, Vasocon-A, Visine (any
corticosteroid requires an abbreviated TUE)
o Hemorrhoidals: Anusol (suppositories or ointment, Anusol-HC requires a TUE), Preparation H
(without hydrocortisone) - (any external corticosteroid requires an abbreviated TUE)
o Laxatives: Correctol, Dulcolax, Ex-Lax, Fibercon, Fleet Enema, Metamucil, Milk of Magnesia
o Liniments/Topicals: Aspercreme, Ben-Gay, capsaicin, Flex-All 454, Icy Hot Balm, Myoflex
Cream, Sportscreme, Vicks Vaporub, Zostrix, Zovirax
o Muscle Relaxants: Baclofen, Flexeril, Norflex, Soma, Zanaflex
o Pain/Anti-Inflammatory: acetaminophen, Aleve, aspirin, Bextra, Buf erin, Celebrex, codeine,
Dolobid, Ecotrin, Empirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, Panadol, Phenaphen w/ Codeine, piroxicam,
propoxyphene, Tylenol (Plain, Ex-Strength), Tylenol w/ Codeine, Vioxx
· Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDS): All are permitted.
o Sedatives/Sleep Aids: Ambien, Antivert, Ativan, Compoz, Dalmane, diphenhydramine,
Halcion, Nytol, Restoril, Sominex, Unisom, Valium, Xanax
o Supplements: CAUTION: Some may contain or may be contaminated with prohibited
substances; THE USE OF THESE PRODUCTS IS AT THE ATHLETE’S OWN RISK.
o Ulcer Medications: Aciphex, Axid, Carafate, Nexium, Pepcid, Prevacid, Prilosec, Propulsid,
o Vaginal Preparations: AVC, Femstat, Gyne Lotrimin, Metrogel, Monistat, Mycelex, Mycostatin,
NOTE: Topical glucocorticosteroids: Administration of aural (ear), ophthalmological (eye) and
dermatological (skin) preparations (ALL require abbreviated TUE for in-competition use).
Check the USADA Guide for a more extensive list of permitted substances.
TUE: Therapeutic Use Exemption, which replaces the Medical Notification Form. USADA DIETARY SUPPLEMENT WARNING Many dietary supplements, which are sold over the counter or through the Internet, contain substances that are prohibited by the Olympic Movement Anti-Doping Code and the anti-doping rules of the International Federations and United States National Governing Bodies. These sub- stances may or may not be listed as ingredients Because anti-doping rules make the presence of a prohibited substance in an athlete’s urine a doping offense regardless of how the substance got there, any athlete who takes a dietary supple- ment does so at his or her own risk.
Consult your physician for specific information on appropriate medications for treatment. The use of international products is at the athlete’s OWN risk.
Ef ective beginning January 1, 2004 2004 United States Anti-Doping Agency
ENCEPHALITOZOON CUNICULI INFECTION IN DOMESTIC RABBITS ELISABETTA MANCINELLI, DVM, MRCVS, CERTZOOMED ECZM RESIDENT IN SMALL COMPANION EXOTIC MAMMAL MEDICINE AND SURGERY Unit 10 Berkshire House, County Park, Shrivenham Road, Swindon, SN1 2NR Encephalizotoonosis is a very common infection in domestic rabbits. This parasite is widely distributed amongst different mammalian species such as ro
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