88.92%, 72.73%, 61.12% and 50%, respectively. In group-II of
pigeons have 2000 EPG before treatment drug efficacy was 90%,
CHEMOTHERAPY OF NEMATODIASIS IN
75%, 60% and 55%, after 7, 14, 21 and 30 days post treatment,
respectively. The egg load reduced to 88.89% in albendazole treated
group and 90 percent in fenbendazole treated group after seven days
of treatment and egg load reduced to 50% in albendazole and 55% in
H.R. Parsani 1, R.R. Momin 2 and R.K. Shahu 2
fenbendazole treated group after 30 days of treatment. Similarly,
Kirsch et al. (1978), Vindevogel et al. (1978), Krisch & Degenhardt
1,2 Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary Science and
(1979), Luthgen (1979), and Scupin & Nannen (1980) have treated
Animal Husbandry, S.D. Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar,
pigeons nematodiasis with fenbendazole at different dose rates in
Gujarat 385506, IndiaEmail: 1 [email protected]
feed and found various results from 90 to 100% efficacy. Here in this
case seven days after treatment 88.89 and 90% efficacy was observed
in albendazole and fenbendazole treated groups, respectively, because
Pigeons act as reservoir host or carrier and an important source of
some pigeons were observed to not drink water. Infection remained in
infection for other avian hosts, which share the common parasitic fauna
the cages and pigeons were reinfested with ova and the egg load
(Kumar, 1998). There are quite a large number of problems related
increased to 50-55% after 30 days of treatment. Both the drugs were
to management of parasitic infestations in birds. Clinical or sub clinical
equally effective in pigeon nematodiasis. To increase the efficacy of
form of nematodiasis leads to anaemia as a result of continuous sucking
drug a higher dose may not adversely affect pigeons as suggested by
of blood by parasites. Clinically, birds show partial or complete
anorexia, diarrhoea, dehydration, loss of weight and alteration in
body microelements, which result in immuno suppression. Ascaridia
columbae and Capillaria obsignata are the most common nematodes in
Kirsch, R., K. Petri & H. Degenhardt (1978). The treatment of Capillaria and
pigeons. Kirsch et al. (1978), Vindevogel et al. (1978), Kirsch &
Ascaridia infection in pigeons with fenbendazole. Kleintier Proxis 23: 291-298.
Degenhardt (1979), Luthgen (1979), and Scupin & Nannen (1980)
Kirsch, R. & H. Degenhardt (1979). The efficacy of fenbendazole against in
have treated nematodiasis in pigeons with fenbendazole at different
mature and immature stages of Capillaria obsignata and Ascaridia columbae in
dose rates in feed and have found various results form various parts of
pigeons. Tierztliche Umschan 34: 767-771.
world. In all the zoos of Gujarat state, anthelmintic treatment is
Kumar, R. (1998). A survey of parasitic fauna of local pigeons and assessment
of efficacy of certain drugs in poultry nematodiasis. M.V. Sc Thesis submitted to
regularly carried out for control of helminthic infection in zoo birds.
C.S.Azad University of Agricultural and Technology, Kanpur.
The present study was undertaken to evaluate chemotherapeutic
Luthgen, W. (1979). Efficacy of fenbendazole against Ascaridia and Capillaria in
efficacy of benzimidazole group of drugs, namely, albendazole and
pigeons. Tierztliche Umschan 34: 107-112.
fenbendazole against nematode infection in zoo pigeons.
Scupin, E. & R. Nannen (1980). Safety and efficacy of fenbendazole in pigeons.
Materials and Methods: Studies were conducted for helminthic
Blauen Heftefirden Tierarget 62: 73-76.
infection of pigeons of Kamla Nehru Zoological Garden, Kankaria
Vindevogel, H., lP. Duchatel & L. Fieveg (1978). Treatment of capillariasis in
pigeons with fenbendazole. Annales de medicine veterinaire 122: 109-115.
Zoo, Ahmedabad. Faecal samples were examined for the presence of
gravid segments of tapeworms, immature and mature parasites. They
were processed for qualitative and quantitative examinations.
The authors are thankful to the Principal, Veterinary College, S.D.A.U.,
Qualitative examinations of all randomly collected samples were
Sardarkrushinagar for providing facilities.
positive for Ascaridia columbae and Capillaria obsignata nematode
infections. Two groups were selected cage-wise with each cage of 30
pigeons for study. In group-I (pooled faecal sample having 1800
EPG) were treated with albendazole 2.5% wlv (Albomar, Glaxo India
Ltd., Mumbai) at dose rate of 30 to 45ml/100 birds for three days in
drinking water. In group-II (pooled faecal sample having 2000 EPG)
were treated with fenbendazole 10% (Panacur suspension, Hoechst
India Ltd., Mumbai) at dose rate of 1ml/15 birds for three days in
drinking water. Quantitative examination of faecal samples of both
groups was carried out at 7, 14, 21 and 30 days post treatment. The
results are incorporated in Table 1.
Results and Discussion: In group-I of pigeons have 1800 EPG
before treatment, showed 200, 500, 700 and 900 EPG after 7, 14, 21
and 30 days post treatment indicating the efficacy of the drug to be
Table 1. Effect of albendazole and fenbendazole anthelmintic drugs on natural nematode infection in zoo pigeons Name of the drug Dose rate EPG days after the treatment
Albendazole 2.5 w/v (Albamore suspension)
30-45ml/100 birds for three days in drinking water
1ml/15 birds for three days in drinking water
Manuscript 1644; ZOO; Date of publication 21 July 2007Received 08 September 2006; Finally accepted 15 July 2007
August 2007 | ISSN 0973-2535 (Print edition); 0973-2551 (Online edition) www.zoosprint.org
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