Italian pharmacy online: cialis senza ricetta medica in farmacia.

Untitled

CHP: 2009 Guidelines Sell Sheet: ALS Part 2 / Clinician / Front
USAGE: Mail to all members and convert to PDF for website purposes
SPECS: Trim Size (8.25” x 10.875”): Full Bleed (+.125”): 2C (Black+PMS 519): 2-Sided
AAN Summary of Evidence-based Guideline for CLINICIANS
THE CARE OF THE PATIENT WITH AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL
SCLEROSIS: MULTIDISCIPLINARY CARE, SYMPTOM
MANAGEMENT, AND COGNITIVE/BEHAVIORAL IMPAIRMENT
This is a summary of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) guideline regarding management and care of the patient with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Recommendations are presented for multidisciplinary care, symptom management, and the treatment of cognitive/ behavioral impairment.
Please refer to the full guideline at www.aan.com for more information, including the AAN’s definitions of the levels of recommendations
and classifications of evidence.
BREAKING THE NEWS
How should a physician tell patients that they have ALS?
Insufficient evidence
There is insufficient evidence to support or refute any specific method of disclosing the diagnosis in ALS (Level U).
Clinical context
Useful strategies have been developed for disclosing a diagnosis of cancer (see appendix e-1 of the published guideline).
MULTIDISCIPLINARY CARE
Does multidisciplinary management improve outcomes?
Good evidence

Specialized multidisciplinary clinic referral should be considered for patients with ALS to optimize health care delivery (Level B) and prolong survival (Level B).
Weak evidence
Specialized multidisciplinary clinic referral may be considered to enhance quality of life (QOL) (Level C).
SYMPTOMATIC MANAGEMENT
What are the most effective treatments for sialorrhea?
Good evidence

In patients with ALS who have medically refractory sialorrhea, botulinum toxin type B (BTxB) should be considered (Level B).
Weak evidence
In patients with ALS who have medically refractory sialorrhea, low-dose radiation therapy to the salivary glands may be considered (Level C).
Clinical context
In ALS and other diseases, anticholinergic medications are generally tried first to reduce sialorrhea, although effectiveness is unproven. Botulinum toxin has been effective in controlled trials in parkinsonism as well as ALS.
What pharmacologic measures reduce pseudobulbar affect?
Good evidence

If approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and if side effects are acceptable, dextromethorphan/ quinidine (DM)/(Q) should be considered for symptoms of pseudobulbar affect in patients with ALS (Level B).
What pharmacologic interventions reduce fatigue?
Weak evidence

In patients developing fatigue while taking riluzole, once risks of fatigue versus modest survival benefits have been discussed, withholding the drug may be considered (Level C).
What interventions reduce cramps?
Insufficient evidence
There are insufficient data to support or refute any specific intervention for the treatment of cramps in ALS (Level U).
What interventions reduce spasticity?
Insufficient evidence
There are insufficient data to support or refute exercise or medication for treating spasticity in ALS (Level U).
Clinical context
In multiple sclerosis and cerebral palsy, benzodiazepam, baclofen, dantrolene, and tizanidine are effective in reducing What pharmacologic interventions reduce depression?
Insufficient evidence
There are insufficient data to support or refute specific treatments for depression in ALS (Level U).
Clinical context
There is consensus among experts that depression should be treated in patients with ALS; however, there are no controlled studies of benefit or harm.
What pharmacologic interventions reduce anxiety?
Insufficient evidence
There are insufficient data to support or refute specific treatment for anxiety in ALS (Level U).
What pharmacologic interventions reduce insomnia?
Insufficient evidence
There are insufficient data to support or refute specific treatment for insomnia in ALS (Level U).
09 ALS Sumarry_Clinician_Part 2 v3 .indd CLIN:1 09 ALS Sumarry_Clinician_Part 2 v3 .indd CLIN:1 CHP: 2009 Guidelines Sell Sheet: ALS Part 2 / Clinician / Back
USAGE: Mail to all members and convert to PDF for website purposes
SPECS: Trim Size (8.25” x 10.875”): Full Bleed (+.125”): 2C (Black+PMS 519): 2-Sided
COGNITIVE AND BEHAVIORAL IMPAIRMENT
What is the prevalence and natural history of cognitive and behavioral impairment in ALS?
Good evidence

Screening for cognitive and behavioral impairment should be considered in patients with ALS (Level B).
How is cognitive or behavioral impairment in ALS diagnosed?
Weak evidence

Screening tests of executive function may be considered to detect cognitive impairment in patients with ALS prior to confirmation with formal neuropsychological evaluation (Level C).
What is the effect of cognitive or behavioral impairment on management of patients with ALS?
Insufficient evidence
There are insufficient data to support or refute the impact of cognitive and behavioral impairment on management
in ALS (Level U).
What treatments are effective for cognitive or behavioral impairment in ALS?
Insufficient evidence
There are insufficient data to support or refute treatment of cognitive or behavioral impairment in ALS (Level U).
COMMUNICATION
What treatments for dysarthria optimize communication in ALS?
Insufficient evidence
There are insufficient data to support or refute treatment to optimize communication in ALS (Level U).
PALLIATIVE CARE
What treatments reduce pain and dyspnea in the terminal phase of ALS?
Insufficient evidence
There are insufficient data to support or refute specific treatments for pain and dyspnea in late-stage ALS (Level U).
Do hospice care, spiritual interventions, or advance directives improve QOL in the terminal phase of ALS?
Insufficient evidence
There are insufficient data to support or refute hospice, spiritual care, or advance directives in ALS (Level U).
What is the optimal method of withdrawing both noninvasive and invasive ventilation in ALS?
Insufficient evidence
There are insufficient data to support or refute specific strategies for withdrawal of ventilation in ALS (Level U).
Clinical context
Protocols based on consensus for withdrawal of mechanical ventilation in intensive care units (Class IV) include counseling and symptom control with opioids, benzodiazepines, and anticholinergic medications. We could find no controlled studies in any disease.
This is an educational service of the American Academy of Neurology. It is designed to provide members with evidence-based guideline recommendations to assist the decision making in patient care. It is based on an assessment of current scientific and clinical information and is not intended to exclude any reasonable alternative methodologies. The AAN recognizes that specific patient care decisions are the prerogative of the patient and the physician caring for the patient, and are based on the circumstances involved. Physicians are encouraged to carefully review the full AAN guidelines so they understand all recommendations associated with care of these patients.
Copies of this summary and additional companion tools are available at www.aan.com or through AAN Member Services at (800) 879-1960.
1080 Montreal Avenue • St. Paul, MN 55116 www.aan.comwww.thebrainmatters.org 09 ALS Sumarry_Clinician_Part 2 v3 .indd CLIN:2 09 ALS Sumarry_Clinician_Part 2 v3 .indd CLIN:2

Source: http://www.als.ca/sites/default/files/files/2009%20AAN%20Care%20of%20the%20Patient%20with%20ALS%20-%20Symptom%20Mgmt%20and%20Cognitive-Behavioral%20Impairment.pdf

What are capital markets

What are Capital Markets? Capital markets are like any other markets, but differ in terms of the products traded and their organization. Capital markets deal with the trading of securities. Capital markets provide avenue where companies can raise funds to expand on their businesses or establish new ones by issuing securities owned by the companies. Like businesses in the private secto

Lexan.doc

Lexan  Polycarbonate Chemical Compatibility Overview Introduction: This overview shows the chemical resistancy of Lexan polycarbonate sheet. Chemical compatibility of thermoplastics e.g. Lexan is dependent on contact time, temperature and stress (external stress to which the application is subjected). Chemical exposure can result in discoloration, softening, swelling, crazing, cracking or

Copyright © 2010-2014 Pharmacy Drugs Pdf