Revision Date: 01/04/2011Revision: 1Supersedes Date: 24/03/2011
SECTION 1: IDENTIFICATION OF THE SUBSTANCE/MIXTURE AND OF THE COMPANY/UNDERTAKING
1.2. Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against
1.3. Details of the supplier of the safety data sheet
THE CARBON GROUPRINGASKIDDYCORKIRELANDTel: +353 21 4378988Fax: +353 21 4378950E-mail: [email protected]
SDS Contact: DCM Compliance, [email protected]
2.1. Classification of the substance or mixture
Acute Tox. 4 - H302;Acute Tox. 4 - H312;Acute Tox. 4 - H332;STOT Single 1 - H370
T;R39/23/24/25. Xn;R20/21/22. F;R11.
Label In Accordance With (Ec) No. 1272/2008
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking.
Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
IF exposed: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/…/equipment.
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water.
IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
Specific treatment (see … on this label).
Specific measures (see … on this label).
Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.
In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
SECTION 3: COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
Acute Tox. 3 - H311Acute Tox. 3 - H331STOT Single 1 - H370
The Full Text for all R-Phrases is Hazard Statements are Displayed in Section 16
General InformationNOTE! Keep affected person away from heat, sparks and flames! Move the exposed person to fresh air at once. Get medical attention if any discomfort continues.
Move the exposed person to fresh air at once. For breathing difficulties oxygen may be necessary. If breathing stops, provide artificial respiration. Keep the affected person warm and at rest. Get prompt medical attention.
IngestionDO NOT INDUCE VOMITING! Remove victim immediately from source of exposure. Rinse mouth thoroughly. Provide rest, warmth and fresh air. Get medical attention immediately! If vomiting occurs, keep head low so that stomach content doesn't get into the lungs.
Skin ContactRemove affected person from source of contamination. Remove contaminated clothing. Wash the skin immediately with soap and water. Get medical attention if irritation persists after washing.
Eye ContactMake sure to remove any contact lenses from the eyes before rinsing. Promptly wash eyes with plenty of water while lifting the eye lids. Continue to rinse for at least 15 minutes. Contact physician if irritation persists.
4.2. Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
General InformationThe severity of the symptoms described will vary dependant of the concentration and the length of exposure.
4.3. Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
Extinguishing MediaExtinguish with foam, carbon dioxide, dry powder or water fog.
5.2. Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
Hazardous Combustion ProductsDuring fire, toxic gases (CO, CO2) are formed.
Unusual Fire & Explosion HazardsProtection against fire/explosion: Combustible vapours heavier than air. May form explosive mixtures with air. Take measures to prevent electrostatic charges.
Specific HazardsThe product is flammable, and heating may generate vapours which may form explosive vapour/air mixtures.
Special Fire Fighting ProceduresAvoid breathing fire vapours. Keep run-off water out of sewers and water sources. Dike for water control. Keep upwind. Shut down all possible sources of ignition. Keep all nearby vessels cool with water spray, but ensure that the water does not make contact with the liquid burning fuel. Extinguish fire with foam
that the foam, is not broken by firemen and that the ground around the Branchman is covered with foam. Apply to potential fire hazards. DO NOT USE WATER JET. Spray or fog nozzles may be used.
Protective Measures In FireSelf contained breathing apparatus and full protective clothing must be worn in case of fire.
6.1. Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
In case of inadequate ventilation, use respiratory protection. Take precautionary measures against static discharges. Do not breathe vapour. After spillage / leakage: Shut off all possible sources of ignition. For small quantities: wear face-shield or goggles, and gloves for large quantities in excess of 5 gallons, wear breathing apparatus. Prevent liquid running to drains. Allow small volumes to evaporate or mop up with plenty of water and run to waste diluting greatly with running water. Remove large volumes by soaking up in sand or earth and remove to outside area. Ventilate area well to evaporate remaining liquid and dispel vapour. Clean area with large quantities of running water and run to process drain.
Do not discharge onto the ground or into water courses.
6.3. Methods and material for containment and cleaning up
Extinguish all ignition sources. Avoid sparks, flames, heat and smoking. Ventilate. Clean-up personnel should use respiratory and/or liquid contact protection. Absorb in vermiculite, dry sand or earth and place into containers.
Avoid spilling, skin and eye contact. Keep away from heat, sparks and open flame. Handling requirements: Avoid direct contact with the substance. Ensure there is sufficient ventilation of the area. Do not handle in a confined space. Avoid the formation or spread of mists in the air. Smoking is forbidden. Use non-sparking tools. Suitable packaging: Steel drums, Stainless steel, Copper, Polyethylene are suitable. Do not use aluminium containers.
7.2. Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Flammable/combustible - Keep away from oxidisers, heat and flames. Storage conditions: Store in cool, well-ventilated area. Keep container tightly closed. Keep away from sources of ignition. Prevent the build up of electrostatic charge in the immediate area. Ensure lighting and electrical equipment are not a source of ignition.
Storage ClassFlammable liquid storage.
SECTION 8: EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION
Ingredient CommentsOES = Occupational Exposure Standard.
Process ConditionsUse engineering controls to reduce air contamination to permissible exposure level. Provide eyewash station.
Engineering MeasuresProvide adequate general and local exhaust ventilation.
Respiratory EquipmentRespiratory protection must be used if air contamination exceeds acceptable level. Use respiratory equipment with gas filter, type AX.
Hand ProtectionUse protective gloves.
Eye ProtectionUse approved safety goggles or face shield.
Other ProtectionWear appropriate clothing to prevent any possibility of liquid contact and repeated or prolonged vapour contact.
Hygiene MeasuresDO NOT SMOKE IN WORK AREA! Wash at the end of each work shift and before eating, smoking and using the toilet. Wash promptly with soap & water if skin becomes contaminated. Promptly remove any clothing that becomes contaminated. Use appropriate skin cream to prevent drying of skin. When using do not eat, drink or smoke.
SECTION 9: PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
9.1. Information on basic physical and chemical properties
Stable under normal temperature conditions.
With alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, oxidizing agents (inter alia Perchlorates, CrO3, halogen oxides, peroxy compounds, perchloric acid, non-metallic oxides, nitric acid, KMNO4, salts of halogen, oxyacids), halogen-halogen compounds, alkali oxides, non-metallic halides, anhydrides/sodium acette/acids, ethylene oxide, fluorine, hydrides, mercury compounds, silver compounds, chromyl chloride, UF6; capable of exploding with air in a vapourous/gaseous state.
Avoid heat. Avoid contact with oxidisers or reducing agents.
Materials To AvoidWith alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, oxidizing agents (inter alia Perchlorates, CrO3, halogen oxides, peroxy compounds, perchloric acid, non-metallic oxides, nitric acid, KMNO4, salts of halogen,
halogen-halogen compounds, alkali oxides, non-metallic
halides, anhydrides/sodium acette/acids, ethylene
hydrides, mercury compounds, silver compounds, chromyl chloride,
exploding with air in a vapourous/gaseous state.
Fire creates: Toxic gases/vapours/fumes of: Carbon monoxide (CO). Carbon dioxide (CO2).
11.1. Information on toxicological effects
Toxicological InformationWhen in a concentration of more than 50%, ethanol causes local mucosal lesions through dehydration and albumin precipitation. Absorption, which occurs swiftly from the gastrointestinal tract, causes euphoria, with subsequent dizziness, inebriation. paralysis, diminished reflex excitability, cyanosis, narcosis and respiratory paralysis. Dangerous intolerance reactions and increased absorption occur through the simultaneous action of disulfiram, tirchloroethylene, tetra-chloromethane, nitrobenzene, carbon disulfide, aniline, lime-nitrogen, arsenic, lead and mercury.
Respiratory SensitisationNot determined.
Skin SensitisationNot determined.
Reproductive ToxicityNot determined.
General InformationProlonged and repeated contact with solvents over a long period may lead to permanent health problems.
InhalationVapours may cause headache, fatigue, dizziness and nausea. Vapour may irritate respiratory system or lungs.
Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed. Pneumonia may be the result if vomited material containing solvents reaches the lungs. Narcotic effect.
Skin ContactActs as a defatting agent on skin. May cause cracking of skin, and eczema. Prolonged or repeated exposure may cause severe irritation.
Eye ContactIrritating to eyes. Vapour or spray may cause temporary (reversible) eye damage.
Route of entryInhalation. Ingestion. Skin and/or eye contact.
Target OrgansRespiratory system, lungsMedical SymptomsHigh concentrations of vapours may irritate respiratory system and lead to headache, fatigue, nausea and vomiting.
Acute Fish ToxicityEthanol is biodegradable and has not been shown to interfere in any way with waste water treatment plants. In high concentrations it harms fish and plankton. 9000 mg/l kills fish in 24 hours; threshold for deleterious effects in small crustaceans (Daphnia): upwards of 7800 mg/l. Toxic threshold concentrations (Psuedomonas putida) upwards of 6500 mg/l, (Scenedesmus quadricauda) upwards of 5000 mg/l (Microsystis aeruginosa) upwards of 1450 mg/l.
LC 50, 96 Hrs, Fish mg/l
Degradability:The product is easily biodegradable.
Mobility:The product is soluble in water.
Dispose of waste and residues in accordance with local authority requirements. It may be run into process drains if greatly diluted with water. It may be removed to open atmosphere for dispellation of vapours.
ALCOHOLS, FLAMMABLE, TOXIC, N.O.S. (ETHANOL, METHANOL)
Environmentally Hazardous Substance/Marine PollutantNo.
14.7. Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL73/78 and the IBC Code
15.1. Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture
Statutory InstrumentsThe Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply) Regulations 2009 (S.I 2009 No. 716). Control of Substances Hazardous to Health.
Approved Code Of PracticeClassification and Labelling of Substances and Preparations Dangerous for Supply.
Guidance NotesWorkplace Exposure Limits EH40. Introduction to Local Exhaust Ventilation HS(G)37. CHIP for everyone HSG(108).
EU LegislationRegulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), establishing a European Chemicals Agency, amending Directive 1999/45/EC and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 793/93 and Commission Regulation (EC) No 1488/94 as well as Council Directive 76/769/EEC and Commission Directives 91/155/EEC, 93/67/EEC, 93/105/EC and 2000/21/EC, including amendments. Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures, amending and repealing Directives 67/548/EEC and 1999/45/EC, and amending Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 with amendments. The UN Globally Harmonised System (GHS) Safety Data Sheet format (Annex IV) is implemented as Annex II of REACH EU No 453/2010 of 20th May 2010 amending regulation (EC) No 1907/2006
No chemical safety assessment has been carried out.
General InformationThis Safety Data Sheet is compliant with REACH, CLP and ANNEX II requirements.
Revision CommentsThis revision was updated from previous Revision to incorporate requirements of REACH Regulation 1907/2006 , CLP Regulation 1272/2008 and Safety Data Sheet format changes as per Annex II of REACH EU No 453/2010.
Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect.
May cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
Causes damage to organs <<Organs>>.
May cause long lasting harmful effects to aquatic life.
Information contained in this publication, while accurate to the best knowledge and belief of Carbon Group, is not intended and should not be construed as a warranty or representation for which Carbon Group assumes any legal responsibility.
Any information or advice obtained from Carbon Group otherwise than by means of this publication and whether relating to Carbon Group material or other materials, is also given in good faith. However, it remains at all times the responsibility of the customer to ensure that Carbon Group materials are suitable for the particular purpose intended.
Insofar as materials not manufactured or supplied by Carbon Group are used with or instead of Carbon Group material, the customer should ensure that he has received from the manufacturer or supplier all technical data and other information relating to such materials.
Carbon Group accepts no liability whatsoever (except as otherwise expressly provided by law) arising out of the use the information supplied, the application, adaptation or processing of the products described herein, the use of other materials in lieu of Carbon Group materials or the use of Carbon Group materials in conjunction with other materials.
Shadow on the Brain; One woman's search for the roots of chronic depression [FINAL Edition 1] The Washington Post (pre-1997 Fulltext) - Washington, D.C. Author: It is deep in the night; morning is a mirage. And the thing I have dreaded has happened: The beast is outside my window. It is a mechanical beast, and it screams -- steel against steel, a heavy thundering of weight. There is the
Safety Data Sheet NOTE: Access to a copy of this Safety Data Sheet (SDS) via our Website does not constitute the issue of a controlled Copy under EUlegislation. To be issued with such a copy please contact Rentokil Initial at the address below by telephone, fax or in writing. In order toconfirm the latest version of the SDS for this product seclick on Technical Information / Product Safety. 1