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Microsoft word - stressulcer.e7000.doc

University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Program Clinical Standard Operating Policies and Procedures TITLE: Stress Ulcer Prophylaxis for Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Patients University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Program Clinical Standard Operating Policies and Procedures TITLE: Stress Ulcer Prophylaxis for Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Patients Purpose: Establish guidelines for appropriate interventions to prevent stress ulcer in patients undergoing Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation and to prevent complications associated with stress ulcer prophylaxis. Principle: Use of medications to prevent stress ulcer in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant patients may be appropriate since high dose chemoradiation places the patients at high risk for disruption of gastrointestinal mucosal integrity; however, agents utilized and treatment duration should be limited. Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs) such as lansoprazole, omeprazole and rabeprazole should be restricted to patients most in need of potent antisecretory therapy. Use of PPIs in the transplant patient may be harmful. Potent inhibition of hydrochloric acid secretion removes the acid barrier to microbial colonization of the upper gut. This may lead to bacterial and fungal colonization of the upper gut and increased nosocomial infections of the upper airway and intestines. Bone marrow transplant recipients are high risk for stress ulcers due to coagulopathy, infection, sepsis and high dose corticosteroid use. Scope: All patients undergoing Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant IV. Policy: 1. H2 blockers (ranitidine) will be routinely given to transplant patients on admission. The oral dose of ranitidine for adults is 150 mg PO q day. This may be increased to 150 mg PO BID when necessary for symptom management. For those unable to tolerate PO meds, the IV dose is 50 mg IV every 8 hours. Pediatric patients will be given ranitidine 2mg/kg PO BID (max. 150mg dose). If the patient was on a PPI prior to admission, the patient will be prescribed pantoprazole 1mg/kg PO once daily (max 40 mg dose). If the pediatric patient is unable to take PO medications, the IV doses are as follows: Ranitidine 1 mg/kg IV q 8 hours (max 50 mg dose) and pantoprazole 1mg/kg IV once daily (max 40 mg dose). 2. H2 blockers (ranitidine) may need to be adjusted for creatinine clearance less than 50ml/min. 3. H2 blockers may be added to Total Nutrient Admixtures (TNA) rather than being dosed separately. 4. Cimetidine will not be used in hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients due to bone marrow 5. Appropriate indications for PPIs include: persistent peptic esophagitis, peptic ulcers and persistent hypersecretory symptoms unrelieved with ranitidine. 6. Inappropriate indications for PPIs include: episodic heartburn, nausea, vomiting and gastrointestinal University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Program Clinical Standard Operating Policies and Procedures TITLE: Stress Ulcer Prophylaxis for Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Patients 7. Medications to avoid while using PPIs include H2 receptor antagonists, sucralfate, and high doses of 8. PPIs may have significant drug interactions with other medications commonly used in the HSCT patient populations. For example, posaconazole levels are reduced when given concurrently with PPIs. Pharmacy may be consulted with questions about possible drug interactions. Significant drug interactions are routinely monitored by the unit pharmacist during inpatient admission. 9. If patients were not on H-2 blockers or PPI’s prior to admission to the HSCT service, these medications should be reviewed for necessity during the outpatient clinic visit following discharge from the inpatient service. Patients on chronic corticosteroid for treatment of GVHD are appropriate for continuation of stress ulcer prophylaxis therapy. References: Clinics in Chest Medicine, GI Problems in Chronically Critically Ill Patients, March 2001 22 (1) 135-147 Critical Care Medicine Pharmacology of Acid Suppression in the Hospital Setting: Focus on Proton Pump Inhibition, Vol 30, Number 6, June 2002. Sartori, S. Abbasciano, V. et al. Randomized Trial of Omeprazole or Ranitidine Versus Placebo in the Prevention of Chemotherapy-Induced Gastroduodenal Injury, Journal of Clinical Oncology Vol 18. No. 3 (February), 2000: pp 463-467. UWHC Clinical Guidelines for Stress Ulcer Prophylaxis, UWHC Intranet, Uconnect, March 2005. Reveiz L, Guerrero-Lozano R, Camacho A, et.al. Stress ulcer, gastritis, and gastrointestinal bleeding prophylaxis in critically ill pediatric patients: A systematic review. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2010, Vol 11, No.1, 124-33. Lin P, Chang C, Hsu P, et.al. The efficacy and safety of proton pump inhibitors vs histamine-2 receptor antagonists for stress ulcer bleeding prophylaxis among critical care patients: A meta-analysis. Crit Care Med 2010 Vol. 38, No. 4, 1197-1205.

Source: http://www.medicine.wisc.edu/~williams/E7.000.pdf

Microsoft word - prerequisites and requirements2014-15.doc

Prerequisites and Requirements 1. Prerequisites and Requirements Selection criteria and procedures for DAAD scholarship recipients ensure that • priority target candidates have proven, development-related motivation and can be expected to make full use of their scholarship and education by taking on social responsibility later in their careers, acting as agents of change who stimulate

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A Few Thoughts on Quitting Smoking Introduction More than 90% of smokers are addicted to nicotine, 10% of drinkers are addicted to alcohol and 85% of adult Americans are dependent on caffeine. Nicotine is one of the strongest addictions known to man. What is the difference between a dependency and an addiction? With both, your body adapts to the substance. If you stop the

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