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Microsoft word - treatment guidelines.doc

TREATMENT GUIDELINE
• Drug Schedule for treatment of Malaria under NVBDCP. • Chloroquine: 25mg/kg body weight divided over three days i.e. 10mg/kg on day 1, 10mg/kg on day 2nd • Primaquine: 0.25mg/kg body weight daily for 14 days. Age-wise dosage schedule for treatment of P. vivax cases
Primaquine is contraindicated in infants. Pregnant women and individuals with G&PD deficiency. 14 day regimen of Primaquine should be given under supervision Treatment of uncomplicated P. falciparum cases: • Artemisinin based Combination therapy (ACT)*
• Artesunate 4 mg/kg body weight daily for 3 days • Sulphadoxine (25 mg/kg body weight) – Pyrimethamine (1.25 mg/kg body weight) on first day. • Primaquine 0.75 mg/Kg body weight on day 2 Caution:-
• Act is not tobe given in 1st trimester of pregnancy. • SP is not to be given to child of age under 5 month and s/he should be treated with Alternate ACT. The Programme has introduced five different age-group specific Combi Blister packs foe SP-ACT. The age group wise dose schedule for the same and the colour of each combipack is given as follows: Age-wise dosage schedule for treatment of P. falciparum cases: • ACT is not to be given in pregnancy. • SP is not to be given to child of age under 5 month and s/he should be treated with Alternate ACT. Treatment of uncomplicated P.falciparum cases in pregnancy 1st trimester: Quinine salt 10 mg/kg 3 times daily for 7 days. Note: Quinine may induce hypoglycemia; pregnant women should not start taking quinine on an empty stomach and should eat regularly, while on quinine treatment. 2nd and 3rd trimester: ACT as per dosage given above. Treatment of mixed infections (P.vivax+P.falciparum) cases. All mixed infections should be treated with full course of ACT and Primaquine 0.25 mg per kg body weight Treatment of severe malaria cases.
Severe malaria is an emergency and treatment should be given as per severity and associated complications which can best be decided by the training physician. The guideline for specific antimalarial therapy is as • Artesunate: 2.4 mg/kg body weight IV or IM given on admission (time=0h); then at 12 h and 24 h and
Artemether: 3.2 mg/kg body weight IM given on admission and then 1.6 mg/kg body weight per day.
Arteether: 150 mg IM daily for 3 days in adults only (not recommended for children).
Quinine: 20 mg/kg body weight on admission (IV infusion or divided IM injection) followed by
maintenance dose of 10 mg/kg body weight 8 hourly. The infusion rate should not exceed 5 mg salt/kg Severe malaria is an emergency and treatment should be given as per severity and associated complications which can best be decided by the training physician. The guideline for specific antimalarial therapy is as • Artesunate: 2.4 mg/kg body weight IV or IM given on admission (time=0h); then at 12 h and 24 h and
Artemether: 3.2 mg/kg body weight IM given on admission and then 1.6 mg/kg body weight per day.
Arteether: 150 mg IM daily for 3 days in adults only (not recommended for children).
Quinine: 20 mg/kg body weight on admission (IV infusion or divided IM injection) followed by
maintenance dose of 10 mg/kg body weight 8 hourly. The infusion rate should not exceed 5 mg salt/kg ( loading dose of Quinine i.e. 20 mg/kg body weight on admission may not be given if the patient has already received quinine or if the clinician fee is in appropriate). Note: The parental treatment in severe malaria cases should be given for minimum of 24 hours once started (irrespective of the patient’s ability to tolerate oral medication earlier than 24 hours). After parenteral artemisinin therapy , patients will receive a full course of oral ACT for 3 days. Those patients who received parenteral Quinine therapy should receive: • Oral Quinine 10 mg/kg body weight three times a day for 7 days (including the days when parenteral Quinine was administered) plu Doxycycline 3 mg/kg body weight once a day or Clindamycin 10 mg/kg body weight 12 –hourly for 7 days (Doxycycline is contraindicated in pregnant women and children Chemoprophylaxis should be administered only in selective groups in high P.falciparum endemic areas. Use of personal protection measure including Insecticide treated bed nets (ITN)/Long Lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLIN)should be encouraged for pregnant women and other vuinerable population including travellers for longer stay. However, for longer stay of military and para-military forces in high Pf endemic adras, the practice of chemoprophylaxis should be followed wherever appropriate e.g. troops on night patrol duty and decisions of their Medical Administration Authority should be followed. Short term chemoprophylaxis (upto 6 weeks) Doxycycline: 100 mg once daily for adult and 1.5 mg/kg once daily for children (contraindicated in children below 8 years). The drug should be started 2 days before travel and continued for 4 weeks after leaving the Note: It is not recommended for pregnant women and children less than 8 years. Chemoprophylaxis for longer stay (more than 6 weeks) Mefloquine: 250 mg weekly for adults and should be administrated two weeksbefore, during and four weeks Note: Mefloquineis contraindicated in individuals with history of convulsions, neuropsychiatric problem and cardiac conditions. Therefore, necessary precautions should be taken and all should undergo screening

Source: http://www.nrhmhp.gov.in/sites/default/files/files/Treatment%20Guidelines.pdf

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