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SCOFIELD® Formula One™
Lithium Densifier MP
A chemically reactive, colorless treatment designed for colored
concrete floors, especially for use in the production of ground and polished architectural concrete. It can be diluted with water on-site according to the porosity of the substrate. T E C H - D A T A B U L L E T I N B - 4 2 4 . 0 3 ■ 1. Product Description:
Formula One Lithium Densifier MP to water by volume for con- SCOFIELD® Formula One™ Lithium Densifier MP is a VOC-free, crete of various porosities are listed in the following table.
cost-effective treatment that will extend the nominal service life of concrete floors and reduce ongoing floor maintenance Suggested Dilution Rates
costs. It is a penetrating, semi-transparent liquid for use on architectural concrete surfaces of all types and during the grinding and polishing process to more rapidly produce a terrazzo-like floor surface with improved abrasion resistance, greater gloss retention, higher surface compressive strength SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP is an econom- ical product capable of providing longer life and higher reflec- tivity (gloss) for colored concrete and ground and polished Note: The above dilution rates must be verified by producing a jobsite test section.
concrete floors of all types. The treated and finished concrete will provide a surface that is nontoxic, easy-to-maintain, and ■ 3. Limitations:
environmentally sound with a low to moderate sheen. This SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP is not a mem- product does not contain sodium silicate or potassium silicate. brane-forming curing compound and does not conform to When properly installed, it will not leave the whitish surface ASTM C 309 requirements. It is not a substitute for proper bloom characteristic of nonarchitectural silicate products. SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP can be used SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP is highly in conjunction with SCOFIELD® Formula One™ Finish Coat alkaline and can react with glass and aluminum. Such areas to provide enhanced water repellency, stain resistance and adjacent to the concrete to be treated should be properly gloss development. SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Den- sifier MP is also designed for use with SCOFIELD® Formula Floors treated with SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Den- One™ Liquid Dye Concentrate to add color to the treated sifier MP should not be cleaned with or exposed to acidic floor. Refer to Scofield Tech-Data Bulletins B-434 SCOFIELD cleaners or substances without further treatment because Formula One Finish Coat and A-434 SCOFIELD Formula acid will cause discoloration on the treated concrete surface.
One Liquid Dye Concentrate for product information and SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP is not de- signed to provide water or oil resistance to the concrete SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP has zero VOC content and is an environmentally sound, green build- If residual SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP is
ing material. It may contribute to earning LEED® credits for allowed to dry on the concrete surface it will leave unsightly
Indoor Environmental Quality, EQ Credit 4.2: Low-Emitting deposits that are difficult to remove. The appearance of res-
Materials: Paints & Coatings, based on low contribution of idue on the concrete surface after completion indicates that VOC. See the current Material Safety Data Sheet for exact the excess SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP was not removed. This residue can only be removed by ■ 2. Coverage:
Extreme caution must be exercised while working with
The application rate of SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densi- SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP because it can
fier MP is largely determined by the porosity of the concrete create slippery surfaces during application.
at the time of treatment. The porosity of the concrete will also determine the dilution rate as described in the paragraph below. Concrete must be over 28 days old prior to the applica- WARNING!
tion of SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP. Steel troweled, normally porous concrete or concrete ground to a SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP is strongly
alkaline and can quickly damage eyes, skin and other
80 – 200 grit surface profile will typically require an application body tissues upon contact. Use of proper safety equip-
rate of 200 – 400 square feet per gallon (5 –10 m2/L) undiluted.
ment is required. Before using or handling, read the
SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP may be di- Material Safety Data Sheet and Warranty.
luted with clean water up to a ratio of 1:1 when treating high- quality, hard, steel-troweled concrete floors. These floors are TEST SECTION
usually ground with soft metal bond matrix diamond tooling. Porous or low-quality floors, or floors whose characteristics Treating architectural concrete or ground and polished
are not known, should be treated with SCOFIELD Formula One concrete flatwork takes skill and practice. Prior to general
Lithium Densifier MP applied full strength. These floors are application, a representative jobsite test section must be
typically ground with hard metal bond matrix diamond tool- produced and approved on each individual concrete surface
ing. The contractor’s level of knowledge and experience are as described in section 6. Jobsite Test Sections to verify and
key to determining the dilution rate, and the effectiveness of approve suitability, proper surface preparation methods,
the resulting application must be determined by producing dilution rate, coverage, application techniques, grinding
a representative jobsite test section as described in section and polishing procedures, resulting appearance, overall
6. Jobsite Test Sections. Suggested dilution rates of SCOFIELD performance, and wet and dry slip resistance.
L. M. Scofield Company customer service: 1 800 800 9900
SCOFIELD PRODUCTS ARE INTENDED FOR PROFESSIONAL USE ONLY
L. M. Scofield Company 2009 – All rights reserved.
www.scofield.com
SCOFIELD® Formula One™ Lithium Densifier MP B-424.03
Refer to www.scofield.com for the most recent Scofield Tech-Data Bulletins
4. Textures and Slip Resistance:
9. Cautions:
When properly applied, SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP will not alter the texture of architectural concrete. The treated concrete surfaces may develop a WARNING!
sheen, which may appear slightly darker than the original EYE, SKIN AND DIGESTIVE TRACT IRRITANT. SPRAY
installation. After application of SCOFIELD Formula One MIST CAUSES IRRITATION TO RESPIRATORY TRACT.
Lithium Densifier MP, the slip resistance (Coefficient of DO NOT TAKE INTERNALLY. KEEP OUT OF THE REACH
Friction) must be determined to ensure that it is within OF CHILDREN. Contains silicic acid, lithium salt. Use
only with adequate ventilation. Do not breathe vapors or For safety considerations, a representative jobsite test spray mist. Avoid contact with eyes, skin and clothing. section as described in section 6. Jobsite Test Sections Possible developmental hazard. Contains lithium that must be produced prior to SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium may adversely affect the developing fetus. Ensure fresh Densifier MP application. The entire surface of the test air entry during application and drying. If you experience section must be inspected after completion to verify and eye watering, headaches or dizziness or if air monitoring approve the adequacy of wet and dry slip resistance. demonstrates vapor/mist levels are above applicable limits wear a properly fitted P100/organic vapor respirator (NIOSH TC-84A approved) during and after application. Follow ■ 5. Storage and Shelf Life:
respirator manufacturer’s directions for respirator use.
Under normal conditions and when kept indoors, off of the floor, and within a temperature range of 40 –100° F (4 – 38° C), the nominal shelf life of SCOFIELD Formula One First Aid: Eyes — DO NOT RUB EYES. FLUSH IMMEDIATELY Lithium Densifier MP in unopened containers is 2 years from WITH WATER. Hold eyelids apart while flushing material the date of purchase. Opened containers should be closed out thoroughly with large amounts of water. Skin—Wash after use and then used within 1 month and must be discarded thoroughly with soap and water. Remove soiled clothing if the material becomes cloudy. Inventory must be rotated to and footwear and wash before reuse. Inhalation—Move to maintain product that is within shelf life limits.
fresh air. If symptoms persist or develop or if ingested, get SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP must not be exposed to freezing temperatures. If product becomes frozen Wash thoroughly immediately after handling. Close container after each use. In case of spillage, absorb with inert material and dispose of in accordance with appli- cable regulations. Do not reuse empty container. Before ■ 6. Jobsite Test Sections:
using or handling, read the Material Safety Data Sheet To verify and approve suitability, appearance, and safety, representative test sections must be produced on the actual jobsite substrate prior to general application of SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP. Test sections must be of ■ 10. Equipment for Preparation and Application:
adequate size to be representative, and be produced by the When using equipment and materials during preparation same workers who will apply the SCOFIELD Formula One and installation, suitable protective gear must be worn and Lithium Densifier MP and any companion products using the government regulations, manufacturer’s instructions, and all contemplated water dilution rate and grinding and polish- applicable safety requirements must be followed. ing equipment and techniques. All test sections must be For spray application pump-type sprayers, such as a
prepared and treated as specified to verify and approve Chapin or Hudson sprayer, must be of professional quality
the suitability of the product for its intended purpose. The and equipped with a fan tip. Follow the equipment manufac- entire surface of the test section must be inspected after turer’s instructions. For uniform results sprayers are recom- completion to verify and approve the adequacy of wet mended for application of SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP. Airless sprayers must not be used. All equip- ment should be washed with soap and water after use. For larger wet-scrub applications, the rotary floor machine
7. Packaging:
should operate at 175 rpm. It may be equipped with brushes SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP is available or with a pad-driver that securely holds the pads in place. A in 5-gallon (18.9 L) pails and 55-gallon (208 L) drums. good-quality, soft-polymer-bristled brush may also be used.
For removal of wet grinding slurry and clean up of
8. Applicable Standards:
treatment and rinse water, a wet vacuum equipped with
No ASTM specifications exist at this time covering silicate a squeegee-type attachment should be used.
treatments for concrete. Typical test results for 28 day old For scrubbing after application, the push broom should
ground and polished concrete or mortar specimens treated be equipped with soft polystyrene or nylon bristles. A push with SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP as com- broom is required to scrub SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium pared to similar ground and polished concrete or mortar Densifier MP into the surface after spray application. Spill- control specimens of the same age and composition are and-spread methods using a push broom can also be used Test results for specimens treated with SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP compared to control specimens
Test Result (*compared to untreated control) * 20 – 50% increase in abrasion resistance * 10 – 30% increase in compressive strength L. M. Scofield Company customer service: 1 800 800 9900
SCOFIELD PRODUCTS ARE INTENDED FOR PROFESSIONAL USE ONLY
L. M. Scofield Company 2009 – All rights reserved.
www.scofield.com
SCOFIELD® Formula One™ Lithium Densifier MP B-424.03
Refer to www.scofield.com for the most recent Scofield Tech-Data Bulletins
For grinding and polishing concrete surfaces with a ter-
it dries. Additional water can be used to keep the excess razzo grinder or concrete grinder prior to and after treatment,
material from drying during the removal process. If residual the grinder should be capable of being equipped with a series SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP is allowed to dry of progressively finer diamond grinding and polishing disks.
on the concrete surface it will leave unsightly deposits that can only be removed by mechanical means. The appearance of residue on the concrete surface after completion indicates that ■ 11. Substrate Preparation:
the excess SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP was Surrounding areas and adjacent surfaces must be masked or protected from overspray, spills, tracking, and equipment contact. The work area should be roped off and appropriate Extreme caution must be exercised while working with
sections closed to traffic. The surface should be divided into SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP because it can
work sections using walls, joint lines, or other stationary create slippery surfaces during application.
features as natural stopping points.
Allow the SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP For optimum performance on colored architectural con- treated concrete to dry thoroughly. Drying time will vary crete, SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP must only depending on relative humidity, temperature and air move- be applied to fully cured concrete that is a minimum of 28 days ment. Drying time could range from less than an hour to old to allow for adequate penetration of the surface.
several hours. After drying is complete, the floor is ready for use or to continue the grinding and polishing process. Wet concrete should be allowed to dry adequately prior to To obtain additional hardening, allow the densifier to set application of SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP so that the pores near the surface are not filled with water. During cooler temperatures or higher relative humidity con- ditions, the drying interval should be increased to achieve ■ 14. Polishing:
the level of dryness necessary for good penetration. After treatment, continue grinding, honing and polishing the treated concrete to the intended final finish profile (400 –1500 grit) using progressively finer polishing disks. ■ 12. Initial Grinding:
If wet polishing, remove the slurry residue between dia- Grinding the concrete to an initial surface profile (80 – 200 grit) mond changes using a wet vacuum or squeegee and is required prior to the application of SCOFIELD Formula One rinse thoroughly, removing excess water and slurry. Lithium Densifier MP. If wet grinding, concrete that is not After the final finish profile is achieved, allow the pol- contaminated and has adequate water absorption capacity ished concrete to dry completely prior to any further after being ground to 80 – 200 grit should be allowed to dry prior to application of SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium All treated and finished surfaces must be thoroughly inspected to verify and approve installation and safety, Concrete substrates that are contaminated with oil, grease including wet and dry slip resistance, prior to opening or other substances after grinding to the initial surface profile (80 – 200 grit) should be thoroughly cleaned before continuing.
15. Maintenance:
13. Application:
Ground and polished concrete surfaces treated with SCO- All surfaces must be properly prepared as described in sec- FIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP are generally tion 11. Substrate Preparation and when applicable, ground very durable and require little maintenance other than to initial surface profile (80 – 200 grit) as described in section scheduled scrubbing with water and a neutral or alkaline 12. Initial Grinding. Apply SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium cleaner. This recommended cleaning process provides water Densifier MP at the coverage rate described in section 2. Cov- to hydrate the reactive components of the treatment and to erage that is correct for the substrate condition. further harden and cure the treated concrete. Spills should After the proper amount is applied, brush the surface with be cleaned up when they occur in accordance with good a push broom or rotary floor machine equipped with a brush housekeeping practices. No waxes or subsequent surface or pad. Allow SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP treatments are necessary in most applications but if wax or to remain on the surface for at least 30 minutes. Add more floor finish is used it should be tested for compatibility prior SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP as needed to maintain a wet film approximately 1 to 3 mils thick during this period. Adjust the application rate to provide a wet layer on the surface. If the applied material soaks in quickly, ■ 16. Availability:
additional material should be applied until the surface SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP is marketed is flooded with a visible layer. As necessary during this nationwide and internationally, directly to the user through 30 minute minimum penetration period, keep the surface strategically located warehouses, dealers, and representa- from drying by reapplying SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium tives. Contact Scofield for its nearest representative.
Densifier MP to areas that start to lose the wet-film sheen. Scofield offers a complete line of engineered systems It is important to maintain a fluid condition of the in-place for coloring, texturing, and improving performance in SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP so that it can architectural concrete. Scofield Systems address specialized requirements for interior, exterior and vertical uses with Once the required treatment period is complete and the compatible systems of complementary products including SCOFIELD Formula One Lithium Densifier MP has been on coloring admixtures, color hardeners, colored cementitious the concrete surface for at least 30 minutes, use a wet vacuum toppings, stains, curing compounds, sealers, coatings, repair or auto-scrubber to remove excess material. The concrete products and texturing tools. Visit the Scofield website at surface must then be rinsed with fresh water unless addi- www.scofield.com for further information.
tional grinding is intended. While rinsing, scrub the rinse water into the surface to remove any residue and then com- pletely remove the rinse water with a wet vacuum before L. M. Scofield Company customer service: 1 800 800 9900
SCOFIELD PRODUCTS ARE INTENDED FOR PROFESSIONAL USE ONLY
L. M. Scofield Company 2009 – All rights reserved.
www.scofield.com
SCOFIELD® Formula One™ Lithium Densifier MP B-424.03
Refer to www.scofield.com for the most recent Scofield Tech-Data Bulletins
17. Limited Warranty:
SCOFIELD WILL NOT BE LIABLE FOR SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL Since no control is exercised over product use, L. M. Scofield OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING FOR DELAYS Company (Scofield) represents and warrants only that its OR LOST PROFITS. Communication of this warranty and its products are of consistent quality within manufacturing toler- limitations to end users is not the responsibility of Scofield, ances. NO OTHER ORAL OR WRITTEN REPRESENTATION but should be communicated by those in direct contract with OR STATEMENT OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, NOW the end user. Any claim regarding product defect must be OR HEREAFTER MADE IS AUTHORIZED OR WARRANTED BY received in writing within one year from the date of manu- SCOFIELD, INCLUDING THOSE OF MERCHANTABILITY OR facture. No claim will be considered without such written FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Liability for breach notice or after the specified time interval. The end user shall of contract, negligence, or on any other legal basis is limited determine the suitability of the products for the intended use to the lesser of refund or replacement of defective materials. and assumes all risks and liability in connection therewith.
SCOFIELD PRODUCTS ARE INTENDED FOR PROFESSIONAL USE ONLY
L. M. Scofield Company customer service: 1 800 800 9900
Western Headquarters: 6533 Bandini Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90040 voice: 323 720 3000 fax: 323 720 3030
Eastern Headquarters: 4155 Scofield Road, Douglasvil e, GA 30134 voice: 770 920 6000 fax: 770 920 6060
L. M. Scofield Company 2009 – All rights reserved. SCOFIELD, , and Formula One are trademarks of L. M. Scofield Company.

Source: http://www.scofield.com/tdbpdf/FormulaOneLithiumDensifier-mpTD1-09.pdf

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List of Publications Original articles, peer-reviewed 1. Steffens S , Thiel H-J, Behrens S-E (1999). The RNA-dependent RNA polymerases of different members of the family Flaviviridae exhibit similar properties in vitro. Journal of General Virology, 80(Pt 10): 2583-90 2. Steffens S , Frank S, Fischer U, Heuser C, Meyer KL, Dobberstein K-U, Rainov NG, Kramm CM (2000). EGFP fusion pr

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