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Adml 803 oct/nov examination 2010
UNIVERSITY OF LIMPOPO
FACULTY OF SCIENCE & AGRICULTURE
SCHOOL OF MOLECULAR AND LIFE SCIENCES
DEGREE AND DIPLOMA EXAMINATIONS
(GENE EXPRESSION, FUNCTION
& MOLECULAR BIOLOGY TECHNIQUES)
PROF L.J. MAMPURU
DR V.G. MBAZIMA
PROF L-M BIRKHOLTZ
THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF FIVE (5) PAGES INCLUDING COVER PAGE
1. Answer all questions. 2. Write neatly and legibly. 3. Answer sections A and B in separate answer books. 4. The Genetic code table is attached.
Describe two functions of DNA supercoiling.
Discuss why a number of topoisomerase inhibitors are widely used as
If you see a DNA structure simply written as CATAGCCG, what exactly
does this mean in terms of a double-stranded structure and the polarity
of the two chains? Explain your answer fully.
Discuss the mechanism by which DNA polymerase III of E. coli
achieves a high standard of fidelity in DNA synthesis.
Explain the roles of the 5´-Cap and 3´-poly (A) tail of eukaryotic
Describe what up-promoter- and down-promoter-mutations are. (4)
There are about seven (7
) proteins/enzymes that are utilized during the
process of Mismatch Repair. Identify these proteins/enzymes and
explain the role of each in the mismatch repair system.
The enzyme liverase is found only in the liver of mice (i.e., the enzyme
is not found in any other organ such as spleen). However, you find that
the gene encoding this enzyme is transcribed at equal rates in liver
and spleen cells. By defining the level of liverase gene expression as
the level of enzyme in the cell, list three points at which expression of
the liverase gene might be differentially regulated in liver and spleen
Describe the action of TWO of the following antibiotics. Also indicate
whether it is the prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic system that is/are
The following structure is a Non-Template
DNA fragment of gene X:
Write the mRNA sequence that could be transcribed from
Write the three
possible reading frames that could be
obtained from the resultant mRNA in (i) above,
Indicate the amino acid sequences that correspond to each
of the reading frame above (ii). Clearly show the N- and C-
Calculate the total energy required to synthesize a polypeptide of 600
Restriction endonucleases and restriction fragments
b) Describe any two important features of a cloning vector.
c) What is the role of dideoxy ribonucleoside triphosphates (ddNTPs) in DNA
d) Why is DNA polymerase from E. coli
and other mesophilic bacteria not
a) Suppose that you have Drosophila gene R
and you wish to find out if
Sheep also contain a similar gene. Describe how you would go about
detecting the presence of Drosophila gene R
You have attempted to ligate a 2 kb fragment of foreign DNA into the Pst
1 site in
the multiple cloning site of the 3.4 kb plasmid vector shown below:
a) To confirm the presence of the fragment of foreign DNA you perform Pst
restriction enzyme digest. Draw the agarose gel band pattern that you
would expect from the electrophoresis of recombinant and non-
recombinant plasmids digested with Pst
1 (Show the positive and negative
electrodes, the direction of band movement and the sizes of the
b) Since the 2kb fragment of foreign DNA is inserted into a tetracycline
resistance gene in a plasmid, will cells containing the resulting
recombinant plasmid be sensitive or resistant to tetracycline? Explain.
"Developing Affordable Mixed-Signal Power Systems for Battery Charger Applications" By Terry Cleveland, Staff Applications Engineer Scott Dearborn, Principal Applications Engineer INTRODUCTION As battery-powered electronic devices continue to become more common and more powerful, easily adaptable battery charger designs are needed. Using standard components, battery charger
Title : Bring Me to Korea! Name : Afrizal Kurniawan Nationality : Indonesia Just three years ago, it's not a stretch to say that I knew pretty much nothing about Korea except for a few Korean dramas. The Korean girl groups and boy bands didn't impress me all that much. To be more exact, I looked down on them, thinking, "young teenagers singing??" Do I feel this way now? Abso