Patient instruction for Treatment with oxygen at high atmospheric pressures
(Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy HBOT)

1) Introduction

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) involves the intermittent inhalation of 100 per cent oxygen in chambers pressurized above one atmosphere absolute. The treatment duration and number of sessions required depend on the
reason for HBOT.
Effectiveness of HBOT
HBOT is safe and effective and according to the UHMS (Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society) and can be given
for the following indications :
1. Air or gas embolism 2. Carbon monoxide poisoning 3. Carbon monoxide poisoning complicated by cyanide poisoning 4. Clostridal myositis and myonecrosis (gas gangrene) 5. Crush injury, compartment syndrome, and other acute traumatic ischemias 6. Decompression sickness 7. Enhancement of healing in selected problem wounds 8. Consequences of Diabetes such as diabetic foot, diabetic retinopathy, diabetic nephropathy 9. Exceptional blood loss (anemia) 10. Intracranial abscess 11. Necrotizing soft tissue infections (necrotizing fasciitis) 12. Osteomyelitis (refractory) 13. Delayed radiation injury (soft tissue and bony necrosis) 14. Skin grafts and flaps (compromised) 15. Thermal burns Benefits
 Counteract the condition of hypoxia, resulting from various causes such as disorders of the lung or breathing, blood loss, shock, inhalation of smoke in large quantities.  Also the toxic gas carbon monoxide.  The effect on the contraction of blood vessels, is useful in the treatment of swelling of tissues caused by trauma, swelling of the brain and various wounds, etc.  Enhanced white blood cell removal will improve reduction of bacterial infection.  stimulate muscle cells to be able to heal wounds faster. PI-HBO-01
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 Stimulate the creation of new capillaries, improving blood supply in gangrene from diabetes mellitus, arterial stenosis, ulcers caused by chemotherapy and radiation.  Resistance to infection. Inhibit the growth of many types of germs, bacteria and fungi (Anaerobic organisms)  Stimulate stem cells in the bloodstream to help repair the injured tissue. Duration of treatment
Each treatment duration can vary from one to two hours, although most treatments are in excess of 90 minutes, for a
variable number of sessions, depending on type of diseases and conditions.
Safety and restrictions
Patients treated with HBOT to adjust the air pressure. Existing balance in the body and some external conditions such as
respiratory tract infections can cause sinus and ear pressure. Necessary check up before treatment with HBOT for
patients with lung disease or lung injury to avoid get stuck, or out of the air bag. (Pneumothorax). Lung X-ray examination
should be performed before HBOT treatment.
2) Alternatives

3) Risk, Contraindications and side effects of treatment with HBOT
HBOT is a relatively safe method for approved medical treatments. Complications can be reduced if pressures within the
hyperbaric chamber remain below three times the normal atmospheric pressure and sessions last no longer than 2
Milder problems associated with HBOT include claustrophobia, fatigue, and headache. More serious complications
include myopia (short-sightedness) that can last for weeks or months, sinus damage, ruptured middle ear, and lung
damage. A complication called oxygen toxicity can result in seizures, fluid in the lungs, and even respiratory failure.
Patients at high risk of oxygen toxicity may be given “air breaks” during which they breathe ordinary air rather than pure
oxygen for short periods during treatment. People with severe congestive heart failure may have their symptoms
worsened by HBOT. Patients with certain types of lung disease may be at higher risk of collapsed lung during HBOT.
Pregnant women should be treated with HBOT only in serious situations where there are no other options. Hyperbaric
oxygen chambers can also be a fire hazard: fires or explosions in hyperbaric chambers have caused about 80 deaths
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The only absolute contraindication to hyperbaric oxygen therapy is untreated pneumothorax.
Patients should not undergo HBO therapy if they are taking or have recently taken the following drugs:
Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) – A chemotherapeutic drug.
Cisplatin – Also a chemotherapeutic drug.
Disulfiram (Antabuse) – Used in the treatment of alcoholism.
Mafenide acetate (Sulfamylon) – Suppresses bacterial infections in burn wounds
The following are relative contraindications -- meaning that special consideration must be made by specialist physicians
before HBO treatments begin:
Upper respiratory infections – These conditions can make it difficult for the patient to clear their ears, which can result in
what is termed sinus squeeze.
High fevers – In most cases the fever should be lowered before HBO treatment begins.
Emphysema with CO2 retention – This condition can lead to pneumothorax during HBO treatment.
History of thoracic (chest) surgery – This is rarely a problem and usually not considered a contraindication. However,
there is concern that air may be trapped in lesions that were created by surgical scar ing. These conditions need to be
evaluated prior to considering HBO therapy.
Malignant disease: Cancers thrive in blood rich environments but may be suppressed by high oxygen levels. HBO
treatment of individuals who have cancer presents a problem, since HBO both increases blood flow via angiogenesis
and also raises oxygen levels. Taking an anti-angiogenic supplement may provide a solution. A study by Feldemier, et
al. and recent NIH funded study on Stem Cells by Thom, et al., indicate that HBO is actually beneficial in producing
stem/progenitor cells and the malignant process is not accelerated.
Middle ear barotrauma (MEBT) is always a consideration in treating both children and adults in a hyperbaric
environment, but most children currently being treated with HBOT are being pressurized to 1.3 ATA, which reduces the
risks of side effects.
Adverse effect of HBOT
Symptoms of oxygen poisoning can occur when the atmospheric pressure is higher than 3 atmospheres. Patients can
convulse similar to an epileptic seizure. It can be prevented by lowering atmospheric pressure to under 3 atmospheres.
Injuries from high-pressure are rare. Common side effect of HBOT is deafness or sinus pain.
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Qualified medical staff
Studies have shown benefits of using HBOT, but it needs supervision by qualified medical staff and specialized nurses.
4) Before and after treatment
Wounds should be cleaned and covered.
Patients with colds, fever, fatigue, diar hea or other symptoms of allergies, and/or history of chest or lung abnormality
should inform the medical staff before treatment.
Dentures should be removed before the procedure.
Should know how to adjust the pressure in the inner ear (Valsalva Maneuver).
Do not smoke at least four hours prior before treatment. You can eat normally before coming to receive treatment, but
avoid carbonated drinks or alcohol.
Take medication as prescribed. (If you take medication such as Disulfiram (Antabuse), Doxorubicin (Adriamycin), Cis-
Platinum and Mefenide Acetate (Sulfamylon) please inform the medical staff.
Wear clothes provide by the hospital (clean cotton clothes). Do not wear any synthetic fabrics.
In cases patients with Diabetes Mellitus, the sugar levels should be checked, and preferably be greater than 150 mg / dl.
Limits are between 120 mg / dl and 300 mg / dl (depending on medical advice).
Do not use powder, oil, cosmetics, perfume lotion, or any kind of spray containing oil or Vaseline.
Do not wear stockings or socks, from nylon and a source of static electricity.
Do not wear metal jewelry such as watches, glasses, contact lenses and hearing aids.
Do not bring any fuel material that may cause fire.
After the HBOT you should rest. You should not travel by plane within 72 hours after treatment.
REV.0 (01/06/11)
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Ley 191.pdf

Ley 191/1964, de 24 de diciembre, de asociacionesEs el derecho de asociación uno de los naturales del hombre que el positivo no puedemenoscabar y aun viene obligado a proteger, ya que al propio Estado interesa sumantenimiento y difusión como fenómeno social e instrumento de sus fines, forjados no sólopor la concurrencia de individuos, sino de asociaciones que necesariamente han de formarparte

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